Dental health is a vital part of overall wellbeing. It starts from birth and it is essential to maintain the health of the mouth. Having a healthy mouth can prevent oral diseases and complications. A dentist can help diagnose and treat these problems. Besides, a good dental hygiene can reduce the chances of cavities. However, it is important to note that there are different approaches to prevention.
Dentistry involves several disciplines including dental surgery, oral and maxillofacial pathology, and odontology. Among the most common treatments performed are fillings, extractions, and dental implants. Dental implants are specially designed surgical devices that can be placed in the jawbone. They are used to replace missing teeth or to restore ones that have been damaged.
Although dental care has been practiced for thousands of years, the first scientific book dedicated to the subject was published in Germany in 1530. This book was written in German instead of Latin. Afterward, other surgeons started publishing their opinions on various aspects of dental treatment.
In the 19th century, the United States became a leading center for dental developments. New dental schools were established in many parts of the country. These new schools facilitated the establishment of a true profession. There were also changes in the laws and licensure. Stricter examinations and more rigorous licensing requirements were a result of these changes.
Until then, most dentists were trained by preceptorship with an established dentist. However, there were some exceptions. For instance, American dentist James Beall Morrison introduced the foot-treadle drill in 1871. This drill allowed dentists to create intricate restorations.
Oral and maxillofacial pathology is the study of diseased soft and hard tissues of the mouth. Periodontal disease is the most common form of this condition, which occurs when the gums and bone that support the teeth begin to break down. The tissue is affected by bacteria and may form abscesses. When this happens, it can cause pain, facial swelling, and even fever.
Oral and maxillofacial radiology involves x-rays and other tests that are used to diagnose and treat diseases of the teeth and other soft and hard tissues. Some of these conditions include tooth decay, periodontitis, and abnormalities in the development of teeth.
In the past, oral diseases were treated separately from other diseases. They usually had unique symptoms and triggered in a unique manner. However, it is necessary to remember that there is a close relationship between the health of the mouth and the health of the entire body. As a result, it is important to see a medical doctor if you suffer from a dental problem. Several medicines can cause dry mouth, which can increase the risk of cavities.
It is important to make regular appointments with a dentist. These visits allow your dentist to detect early signs of tooth decay and other problems. If you notice that your mouth is becoming dry, consider changing your oral hygiene habits. Brush twice a day and limit snacks between meals. Also, keep your toothbrush clean by replacing it every three to four months.